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Food Allergies

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Adverse Food Reactions and Allergies An adverse food reaction is defined as any untoward reaction following...

Food-Borne Infection

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Numerous infectious diseases are acquired by the ingestion of contaminated food, milk, or water. Such illnesses have a worldwide distribution, although, predictably, the incidence is greatest in those countries where deficiencies exist...

Introduction

David Gentilcore

David Gentilcore is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Leicester, UK. He is the author of Pomodoro! (2010) and Medical Charlatanism in Early Modern Italy (2006). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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and

Matthew Smith

Matthew Smith is Professor of Health History at the University of Strathclyde’s Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare, UK. He is the author of An Alternative History of Hyperactivity (2011), Hyperactive (2012) and Another Person’s Poison (2015). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Proteins, Pathologies and Politics : Dietary Innovation and Disease from the Nineteenth Century

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Book chapter

...If the 1980s may have been the high point of food additives – with Coca-Cola able to double the sales of ‘Tab’ in test markets by fortifying the fizzy diet drink with calcium...

Food Sensitivities: Allergies and Intolerances

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Foods and beverages contain nutrients that are essential to human life, but they also contain elements that, for some individuals, may be harmful to health or even life-threatening. Foods and beverages may cause adverse reactions when...

Lactose Intolerance

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Lactose is a disaccharide composed of linked molecules of the simple sugars glucose and galactose. Dietary lactose is obtained almost exclusively from milk. Infants and young children digest lactose with an enzyme,lactase, which splits...

Potassium

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Potassium (K) is found in virtually all aerobic cells and is essential to life. It is the third most abundant element in the human body (after calcium and phosphorus) and the eighth most abundant element in the earth’s crust, with a mass...

The argument from rights

Kerry Walters

Kerry Walters is William Bittinger Professor of Philosophy at Gettysburg College, PA, USA, where he also co-founded the Peace and Justice Studies program. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Vegetarianism: A Guide for the Perplexed

Continuum, 2012

Book chapter

...What sort of dinner is not costly for which a living creature loses its life? Do we hold a life cheap? It is not an act of kindness to treat animals respectfully. It is an act of justice. In his book Dominion: The Power...

Vitamin K and Vitamin K–Dependent Proteins

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...The term “vitamin K” was first introduced by Henrik Dam in 1935, following discovery of a fat-soluble substance that could prevent bleeding (Dam 1935, 1964). During the years 1928 to 1930, Dam conducted studies on the cholesterol metabolism...

Nonfoods as Dietary Supplements

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Food: A substance (of natural origin) ingested to maintain life and growth. Diet: The habitual pattern of consumption of food and drink. Supplement: That which supplies a deficiency or fulfills...

The reverence for life argument

Kerry Walters

Kerry Walters is William Bittinger Professor of Philosophy at Gettysburg College, PA, USA, where he also co-founded the Peace and Justice Studies program. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Vegetarianism: A Guide for the Perplexed

Continuum, 2012

Book chapter

...The Christian argument for vegetarianism is simple: since animals belong to God, have value to God, and live for God, then their needless destruction is sinful. The first great vow: I renounce all killing of living beings...