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Essential Fatty Acids

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...The history of the scientific documentation of the need for fat in the diet began with the early nineteenth-century work of Michel Eugene Chevreul (Mayer and Hanson 1960). He showed that lard contained a solid fat, which he termed stearine,...

Food Sensitivities: Allergies and Intolerances

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Foods and beverages contain nutrients that are essential to human life, but they also contain elements that, for some individuals, may be harmful to health or even life-threatening. Foods and beverages may cause adverse reactions when...

Food Allergies

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Adverse Food Reactions and Allergies An adverse food reaction is defined as any untoward reaction following...

The Cardiovascular System, Coronary Artery Disease, and Calcium: A Hypothesis

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...The Circulation The central organ of the human circulatory system, the heart, must be among the most remarkable creations of nature. In the longest-living individuals, it works continuously...

Food-Borne Infection

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Numerous infectious diseases are acquired by the ingestion of contaminated food, milk, or water. Such illnesses have a worldwide distribution, although, predictably, the incidence is greatest in those countries where deficiencies exist...

Vitamin K and Vitamin K–Dependent Proteins

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...The term “vitamin K” was first introduced by Henrik Dam in 1935, following discovery of a fat-soluble substance that could prevent bleeding (Dam 1935, 1964). During the years 1928 to 1930, Dam conducted studies on the cholesterol metabolism...

Nutrition and Mental Development

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Most research on nutrition and human mental development has focused on protein–energy malnutrition (PEM), which consists of deficits in energy and protein as well as other nutrients (Golden 1988). But there is also an extensive literature...

Nonfoods as Dietary Supplements

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Food: A substance (of natural origin) ingested to maintain life and growth. Diet: The habitual pattern of consumption of food and drink. Supplement: That which supplies a deficiency or fulfills...

Dogs

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...The Dog as Human Food The difficulty that confronts one at the very beginning of a study...

Muscovy Ducks

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Of the two species of domesticated anatines, the Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) is larger, less vocal, and characterized by a fleshy protuberance on the head of the male. It is a duck of tropical American origin, whose wild ancestors...