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Kola Nut

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Kola nut is an important stimulant and masticatory in Africa. It is about the size of a walnut or a chestnut and varies in color from dark red to creamy white (Chevalier and Perrot 1911; Cohen 1966; Agiri 1972; Lovejoy 1977–8, 1980...

Sorghum

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Grain sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor [Linn.] Moench) is a native African cereal now also widely grown in India, China, and the Americas. Sorghum ranks fifth in world cereal grain production, and fourth in value (after rice...

History, Diet, and Hunter-Gatherers

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...In the years since 1960 there has been a dramatic change in our perception of the diet, nutrition, and health of “hunter-gatherers,” who constitute the world’s smallest, most “primitive,” and presumably oldest-style societies. The Hobbesian...

Africa South from the Sahara

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Describing the principal sources of food for the inhabitants of Africa south from the Sahara is a relatively easy task. Most diets are dominated by products made from a single staple crop, and there are not all that many of them. Maize...

Bringing the City to the Country: Supermarket Expansion, Food Practices, and Aesthetics in Rural South Africa

Food Between the Country and the City : Ethnographies of a Changing Global Foodscape

Bloomsbury Academic, 2013

Book chapter

...One day during fieldwork, I sat waiting for a friend in a large grass-roofed rondavel that was one of a group of buildings clustered on a hillside in a village located in the north of the province of KwaZulu-Natal. A rondavel...

Nutrition and Mortality Decline: Another View

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...The importance of nutrition to the preservation of human health cannot be reasonably denied. However, the extent of its power may have been overstated in recent years. For millions of Americans, “natural foods and vitamins” are seen...

Extract from Book of Genesis

Food History: Critical and Primary Sources : Origins

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Book chapter

...Pharaoh’s Dreams 41 When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, 2 when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. 3 After them, seven other cows,...
...Introduction Since the 1980s, supermarket retail has expanded dramatically, affecting diets and livelihoods around the world. This process represents fundamental...

The Beginnings of Agriculture: The Ancient Near East and North Africa

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...The Sumerians may have said it best: “Food: That’s the thing! Drink: That’s the thing!” (Gordon 1959: 142). From bread and beer to wine and cheese, the people of the ancient Near East and North Africa developed a rich cuisine based on a set...

Introduction: Food and Commensality in the Ancient Near East

Paul Erdkamp

Paul Erdkamp is Professor of Ancient History at the Flemish Free University of Brussels, Belgium. He is author of Hunger and the Sword; Warfare and Food Supply in Roman Republican Wars; and The Grain Market in the Roman Empire; and editor of The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Rome (2013). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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A Cultural History of Food in Antiquity

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Book chapter

...Agricultural Revolution The Epic of Gilgamesh tells the story of the primitive Enkidu and of Gilgamesh, a citizen of the city of Uruk. Enkidu, a wild man from...