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History, Diet, and Hunter-Gatherers

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...In the years since 1960 there has been a dramatic change in our perception of the diet, nutrition, and health of “hunter-gatherers,” who constitute the world’s smallest, most “primitive,” and presumably oldest-style societies. The Hobbesian...

Kola Nut

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Kola nut is an important stimulant and masticatory in Africa. It is about the size of a walnut or a chestnut and varies in color from dark red to creamy white (Chevalier and Perrot 1911; Cohen 1966; Agiri 1972; Lovejoy 1977–8, 1980...

Sorghum

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Grain sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor [Linn.] Moench) is a native African cereal now also widely grown in India, China, and the Americas. Sorghum ranks fifth in world cereal grain production, and fourth in value (after rice...

Conclusion

Brian Gardner

Brian Gardner has been analyzing, writing about and commenting on European and international agriculture and food policy developments for more than thirty years. Notable publications include European Agriculture: Policies, Production and Trade, Growing Pains: New Europe and the CAP in The Perfect Union? New Europe and the EU (edited by Roger Gough) and A Guide to the Reformed CAP. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Global food futures : Feeding the world in 2050

Bloomsbury Academic, 2013

Book chapter

...The most recent U.N. demographic projections show world population growing to 9.3 billion by 2050, an addition of 2.3 billion people. Most people think these demographic projections, like most of those made over the last half century...
...It was lunchtime, finally. I tore off a hunk of soft bread from the triangular portion of the household’s round loaf, which was placed in front of me at the low wooden table. The communal dish of turnip and potato t.ājīn, the fourth of its...

Khat

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Khat (Catha edulis Forsk., Celastracae) is a flowering evergreen tree that grows in parts of eastern Africa and the southwestern highlands of Arabia. Its young leaves and tender stem tips, also called khat, are stimulating and produce...

Maasai

Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia Volume 1 : Africa and the Middle East

© ABC-Clio Inc, 2011

Encyclopedia entry

...Overview The Maasai are an indigenous African ethnic group, until recently seminomadic but now largely settled, located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. They speak Maa, a member...

Africa South from the Sahara

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...Describing the principal sources of food for the inhabitants of Africa south from the Sahara is a relatively easy task. Most diets are dominated by products made from a single staple crop, and there are not all that many of them. Maize...
...Introduction Since the 1980s, supermarket retail has expanded dramatically, affecting diets and livelihoods around the world. This process represents fundamental...

The Beginnings of Agriculture: The Ancient Near East and North Africa

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

...The Sumerians may have said it best: “Food: That’s the thing! Drink: That’s the thing!” (Gordon 1959: 142). From bread and beer to wine and cheese, the people of the ancient Near East and North Africa developed a rich cuisine based on a set...