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The Question of Paleolithic Nutrition and Modern Health: From the End to the Beginning

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

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...A conviction has been growing among some observers that contemporary human health could be substantially improved if we would just emulate our hunter–gatherer ancestors in dietary matters. A look at this contention seems an appropriate way...

American Bison

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

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...The American bison (Bison bison) is more closely related to cattle than to true buffalo, such as the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Nonetheless, early European settlers called the unfamiliar animal they encountered in North America...

Bananas and Plantains

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

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...Bananas represent one of the most important fruit crops, second only to grapes in the volume of world production (Purseglove 1988). J. F. Morton (1987) indicates that bananas are the fourth largest fruit crop after grapes, citrus...

Vitamin E

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

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...As any nutritional text dated prior to 1970 will indicate, vitamin E has not received much respect from nutritionists. In such texts it is often placed after vitamin K, in the miscellaneous category. This is because it took a good 40 years...

Game

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

0

...Evolutionary Underpinnings Game (defined here as the meat...

Sheep

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

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...Probably the earliest domesticated herd animal in the Old World, the sheep (Ovis aries) makes an unparalleled contribution of food and fiber. The great advantage of these small ruminants is their ability to digest the cellulose of wild...

Muscovy Ducks

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

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...Of the two species of domesticated anatines, the Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) is larger, less vocal, and characterized by a fleshy protuberance on the head of the male. It is a duck of tropical American origin, whose wild ancestors...

Rabbits

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

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...Rabbit production is significant in several countries, especially France, Italy,Malta, and Spain, where there is a long tradition of consuming rabbit meat. In the past, great numbers of rabbits were raised by subsistence farmers, who fed...

The Mediterranean (Diets and Disease Prevention)

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

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...The basic elements of healthful diets are well established (USDHHS 1988; National Research Council 1989; USDA/USDHHS 1995). They provide adequate amounts of energy and essential nutrients, reduce risks for diet-related chronic diseases...

South America

The Cambridge World History of Food

© Cambridge University Press, 2000

Encyclopedia entry

0

...The continent of South America has been a place of origin of many important food plants. Moreover, plant and animal introductions to the Americas made both before and after Columbus have provided an extraordinary diversity of food sources....